Bourbon distillation process pdf

The cooking process is done to release all the starches from the corn, rye, or wheat. Distillation as a part of whisky making process flaviar. One cleveland company has come up with a way to shrink the aging process from years to. If you know about singlemalt scotch whisky, youll note that it goes through a copper pot still. Distillation distillation is a commonly used method for purifying liquids and separating mixtures of liquids into their individual components. Learn the ancient craft of home distilling and connect with a long tradition of hospitality when you offer. Distillation is based on the fact that the vapour of a boiling mixture will be richer in the. Feedstocks, fermentation and distillation for production of heavy and light rums 243 chapter 16 feedstocks, fermentation and distillation for production of heavy and light rums j. Fittingly, some exact dates were forgotten whiskey was involved, after all, but this timeline will help you grasp the basics and understand its origin. The 3 steps of distilling alcohol real food mother. Jan 04, 2016 distillation is the process by which a liquid is heated to create a vapor and then condensed back into a liquid again. Tennessee whiskey separated from kentucky straight bourbon and the bourbon act for marketing reasons. The distillation process itself requires heat and produces ethanol vaporelements that, when combined, can produce fires or explosions. The distillation procedure is the same as for the simple distillation method with the exception that distillation takes place by means of steam.

Dec 16, 2001 the problem with single distillation is that the whiskey is far too harsh. Theres a lot to it, and every step has an impact on everything else. A professional guide for amateur and microdistillers. The heart and tails, if heavier congeneers are desired to give additional taste are distilled again. May 02, 2017 special thanks to district distilling in dc. The name ultimately derives from the french bourbon dynasty, although the precise inspiration for the whiskeys name is uncertain. How chemistry can explain the difference between bourbon and a tennessee whiskey the unique flavor of a whiskey or scotch might be more than pure luckit might be a science. As for essential oils, using steam for alcohol distillation permits the distillate to retain the more delicate flavors and aromas which would otherwise breakdown if subjected to high temperatures. Scotch is distilled twice and in some places, three times, although this is more commonly done in ireland. Most of the vapor condenses and falls back into the pot as reflux. Distillation is the process by which a liquid is heated to create a vapor and then condensed back into a liquid again. Distillation principles chemical engineering, 200711, rvce. Chapter 16 feedstocks, fermentation and distillation for.

Basic distilling bourbon whiskey our native spirit. By law, american whiskey must enter the barrel at or below 125 proof, but it can be distilled to 160 proof. Jul 07, 2019 this is the simplest recipe i know and it produces an extremely smooth whiskey. Distilled spirits are also known as ardent latin for burn spirits. A flowchart of a typical distillation process for production of bourbon whiskey is presented in fig. Jan 16, 2014 column stills can distill proofs as high as the 190s, or 95% abv. Its a costly, time consuming process and if it sounds extravagant, well, it is. In between tastings, though, we learned quite a bit about bourbon s history and distillation process. As opposed to some other types of stills, for bourbon the focus is not on getting a pure alcohol out of the still. On the following pages the production process is described. One cleveland company has come up with a way to shrink the aging process. Introduction to column distillation distillation is the most common separation technique in chemical process industry, accounting for 9095% of the separation operations this is why more than a half of this course is devoted to distillation or column distillation, which includes binarymixture distillation. For whiskies, the distilled product is aged to provide flavor, color, and aroma. Afternoon sunlight filters through the dusty windows of a 125yearold bourbon warehouse as wild turkey master distiller eddie russell explains the process of.

Distillation is the process of separating the components or substances from a liquid mixture by using selective boiling and condensation. Outline the process involved in alcoholic fermentation and state what is produced. The alcohol vapor is diverted out of the top of the still and into a condenser, where it condenses out into liquid again. How to make the smoothest mash recipe for moonshine. This applies to the production of essential oils, gasoline, and of course in our case, ethanol alcohol. Its common to see a stripping run abv range between 40% 60% abv. Wild turkey bourbon preserves quality with hightech batch. This works due to the fact that the vapor will contain more alcohol.

Distillation by vendome copper on november 3, 2014 with no comments the process of separating the components of a mixture by differences in boiling point. Distillation, even fractional distillation, is really a very simple process and it might have been sufficient simply to provide a bare outline of how to proceed, letting the readers ingenuity fill in the gaps. Method for separating mixtures based on differences in volatilities of components in a liquid mixture. The first proofing ensures that the young whiskey is below the legal.

Kentucky taxes bourbon and spirits highest among all 532 manufacturing industries in the state. Distillation with a pot still often requires two distillations to achieve a desired proof. May 04, 2019 afternoon sunlight filters through the dusty windows of a 125yearold bourbon warehouse as wild turkey master distiller eddie russell explains the process of making kentuckys most famous export. This discussion will be limited to the production of bourbon whisky. Distillation is simply the collection of the ethanol alcohol that was made during fermentation. Pdf one of the major operations in the process industries is the separation of liquid mixtures into their various components. There is disagreement among russians and poles as to which country was the first to distill vodka. An enthusiasts guide to the artisan distilling of potent potables owens, bill, dikty, alan, maytag, fritz on. If you have ever considered planning a trip to the kentucky bourbon trail, heres what you need to knowplus our thoughts on the distilleries we visited. More than 70% of visitors are from outside kentucky. By law, bourbon must not be distilled to above 80% alcohol by volume.

Familiar examples include the distillation of crude fermentation broths into alcoholic spirits such as gin and vodka, and the fractionation of crude oil into useful products such as gasoline and heating oil. Emission data are available only for the fermentation and aging steps of whisky production. Bourbon can only be produced in the united states not just kentucky. Dec 08, 2019 pot stills form the basis of batch distillation. Bourbon is revolutionizing kentucky tourism and pouring muchneeded revenue into local communities. The inspiration for the name of this traditionally southern spirit is still debated. It was decided, however, that a knowledge of why something works or doesnt work is as interesting. Practica in process engineering ii distillation introduction distillation is the process of heating a liquid solution, or a liquidvapor mixture, to derive o a vapor and then collecting and condensing this vapor. Distillation, even fractional distillation, is really a very simple process and it might have been sufficient simply to provide a bare outline of how to pro ceed, letting the readers ingenuity fill in the gaps. The distillation process unlike some heavier and more robust single malts, glen grant is crisp, clear, fresh and light. One of the key parts in the whisky making process, distillation is where the alcohol created during fermentation is removed from the wash to form a concentrated liquid that goes on to be matured into whisky. Scotch is distilled twice and in some places, three times, although this.

Following distillation, the distilled alcohol spirits are pumped to stainless steel tanks. Batch distillation is the oldest separation process and the most widely used unit operation in the batch industry. Distillation may result in essentially complete separation nearly pure components, or it may be a partial separation that increases. Jun 24, 2016 proofing is an important step in distillation. Whisky stills are usually made of copper, especially in the rectifying section, although stainless steel may be used in some stills. May 03, 20 with bourbon sales growing fast, small distillers are looking for ways to get their product to market faster. Its made from a mash bill of at least 51% corn and then matured in a brand new charred oak barrel. Fortunately, there are also some simple graphics to break down the basic processes. The distillation process can be carried out in continuous, batch or. Batch distillation is highly preferable to continuous distillation when highvalueadded, lowvolume chemicals must be separated. The whisky distillation process in one simple infographic. In other words, a slightly less than optimum result, but otherwise perfectly workable.

Name the outcomes that are common to the distillation process and describe how they are achieved. High proof primary distillation also removes a lot of the cogeners that are crucial for good flavor. How vodka is made manufacture, making, history, used. With bourbon sales growing fast, small distillers are looking for ways to get their product to market faster. A pot still is often used for this distillation process and is run hot and fast, no cuts are made during the run so the separation between fractions is bad. Whiskey history is a long, adventurous story, and many brave people fought to keep the drink flowing along the way. At jim beam, weve been making bourbon since 1795only three years after kentucky became our nations 15th statewhich means weve had plenty of time to learn a thing or two about americas native spirit.

For generations, this distillation was manually controlled and relied on a handoperated process to produce the same consistent bourbon distillate, batch after batch. Much like brewing, the distillation process is primarily automated and maintained through cleaninplace cip processes. How bourbon whiskey is made an illustrated description of the production of bourbon when you ask the master distiller of a bourbon distillery about the strongest influences in bourbon production, you get the following answer. Our goal is to separate the ethanol from the fermented wort. The overall process of alcohol distillation can be summed up into 3 parts. How bourbon is made a tour through the bourbonmaking process from the ingredients, mash, fermentation and distillation process to the barreling, aging and selection. Distillation sanitation although bourbon, whiskey, and distilled spirits are high alcohol and lowrisk food products, sanitation is still an important part of production. The next 3 installments of this blog will hit each of these topics in some depth. These concerns have taken on a particular urgency in recent years, during which smallscale distilling has become immensely popular around the country. The addition of natural flavorings, which can also be locally sourced, will add a degree of variety to the liquors available and cater more toward the targeted consumers.

Biernacka and wardencki 2012 observed that raw spirit obtained from corn had the poorest volatile profile compared with wheat, triticale, and rye. By distilling to a lower proof and then using a copper potstill as a doubler the whiskey gains far more character and smooths out those rough edges. Before getting down to the details of mashing, fermentation, and distillation a few general. Distillation is a heating and condensing process that drives gas or vapor from liquids or solids to form a new substance. Most winery operations do not quite function in this way. If you have ever wondered how to build a still for moonshine or alcohol then the instructions are inside. The focus seems to be more on the continuous and stripping nature of the column still, as opposed to a discontinuous batch pot still. Apr 09, 20 the cooking process is done to release all the starches from the corn, rye, or wheat.

The first proofing ensures that the young whiskey is below the legal threshold for barrel entry strength. We let our whiskey slowly drip through 10 ft of hard sugar maple charcoal so it comes out with its distinctive smoothness. Bourbon by law, for example, cant be distilled above 160 proof. However, the production process of these two whisky types is the same, except that tennessee whiskey is charcoalfiltered before it is filled into barrels. Bourbon, brandy, and other spirits, though, are not generally distilled to such high proofs.

The distillation of vodka is a fairly straight forward process relative to other liquors, which means lower costs for its production. The white dog whiskey that is to become bourbon its not bourbon until it has been aged at least two years cannot be barreled any higher than 125 proof. In the simplest case, the products of a distillation process are limited to an overhead distillate and a bottoms, whose compositions. Then the leftover dregs are dumped, the still gets cleaned out, and the whole process begins anew.

What really distinguishes it from other malts is the unique distillation process. This means a specified amount of liquid goes into the still and gets distilled into spirit. This is leading us to say that the main characteristic of pot still distillation is the idea of batch process. The kentucky bourbon trail and distillery tour in 1 day. For a pot still name and describe the parts, the typical double distillation process and the type of spirit produced. Grains are fermented into beer, just like in bourbon, but in scotch the solids are separated from the liquid beer before going into the pot stills. Grain whisky the patent still process by which grain whisky is made is continuous in operation and differs from the pot still process in four other ways. How chemistry can explain the difference between bourbon.

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