Genetic patterns of domestication in pigeonpea cajanus cajan. Pigeon peas facts, health benefits and nutritional value. How pigeon pea is effective for various diseases is listed in repertory format. Cajanus definition of cajanus by the free dictionary. Comparative phytochemical composition of cajanus cajan leaf. Huth is one of the most common tropical and subtropical legumes cultivated for its edible seeds. The peaks in the chromatogram were integrated and were compared with the database spectrum of known components stored in gc ms library. Phytochemical and antimicrobial studies on the extracts from. Folk medicine morton 1976 lists many folk medicinal uses for pigeon pea. The fruit of cajanus cajan is a flat, straight, pubescent pod, 59 cm long x 12 mm wide. To use pigeon peas as a laxative, take a handful of leaves, pound and extract the juice and add it to three oils. Cajanus species, congo pea, gungo pea, pigeon pea bush.
In india, pigeon peas are soaked, dried, hulled and. Kadios, cajanus cajan, pigeon pea, mu dou herbal medicine an illustrated compilation of philippine medicinal plants by dr godofredo stuart with botanical information,chemical proerties, folkloric uses and scientific studies. The trees leaf and seed pod are widely consumed as food. Pigeonpea cajanus cajan is an annual or shortlived perennial food legume of acute regional importance, providing significant protein to the human diet in less developed regions of asia and africa. Pdf biological activities and medicinal properties of. The bioassayguided fractionation of the crude methanol extract of c. Pigeon pea belongs to the fabaceae family is one of the most important dietary legume crop predominantly grown in the tropical and subtropical regions of the world varshney et al. It is both a food crop and a coverforage crop with high levels of proteins and important amino acids like methionine, lysine and tryptophan. The use of crop wild relatives cwr in pigeonpea breeding has been successful in. Wellknown examples of legumes include alfalfa, clover, peas, beans.
Alimentacion humana, cobertura, barrera viva, rompevientos. Pigeon pea cajanus cajan vegetable garden, healthiest. Pdf pigeonpea is a tropical grain legume grown mainly in india. Cajanus cajan belongs to the family fabaceae, a fast growing drought resistant. Tuvar daal pigeon pea information, medicinal benefits and recipes pigeon pea is one of the important pulse or legume crop in tropical and subtropical areas of the world. Pigeonpea cajanus cajan culture in central florida jonael bosques 1 also known as gandul, congo pea, noeyepea, red gram, dhal, toor, gunds pea and alverja. The genus cajanus is a member of the plant family fabaceae. Ftir analysis of cajanus cajan leaves extract figure 2. Phytochemical investigation of the active ethyl acetate cce and nbutanol ccb fractions of c. Pigeon pea cajanus cajan is a perennial legume, the woody small shrub that can grow up to 12 m high with tetrarch taproots. In malagasy the leaves are used as food for the silkworm. Pigeon pea herb uses, benefits, cures, side effects, nutrients.
Because of its drought resistance it can be considered of utmost importance for food security in areas where rainfall is not reliable and droughts are likely to occur. Language common names english congo pea, pigeon pea, red gram, yellow dahl french ambrevade, pois dangole german straucherbse indian arhar, tuver portuguese feijoaguandu, guandu. Pigeon pea is a member of the millettioid warmseason legume clade within the subfamily papilionoideae. Fabaceae is the most important grain legume crop of rainfed agriculture in semiarid tropics. The pigeon pea cajanus cajan is a perennial legume from the family fabaceae. The leaves are trifoliate, alternate in dark green shading above and silvery underneath. Among other uses of pigeon pea, trials have shown a potential use as a raw material for paper pulp. Cajanus cajan is grown as a pulse crop crop harvested for dry seed or eaten green as a vegetable. Therefore, the objective of the present study was to investigate the antioxidant properties of its aqueous and ethanol extracts of pigeonpea leaves, different.
Pigeon pea cajanus indicus, a perennial plant of the legume family, subfamily papilionaceae. Because of its drought resistance it can be considered of the utmost importance for food security in regions where rainfall is unreliable and droughts are prone to occur. It is one of the most important dietary legume crop predominantly grown in the tropical regions. Proximate and phytochemical analysis of cajanus cajan leaves. Cajanus cajan, more commonly known as pigeon pea, is a droughtresistant crop important for small scale farmers in semiarid areas where rainfall is low. India contributes about 90% of the world production of cajanus cajan l. Cajanus cajan, phytochemical screening, proximate analysis. Those who had fracture should combine other therapies, for example. Biological activities and medicinal properties of cajanus. Millspaugh is a perennial legume subfamily papilionoideae grown in many developing countries in the semiarid tropics and subtropics zu et al. Cajanus erect densely branched shrubby perennials of old world tropics. This article highlights the need for popularizing pigeonpea as a major legume crop in africa.
Pinostrobin and cajanus lactone isolated from cajanus. Since its domestication in the indian subcontinent at least 3,500 years ago, its seeds have become a common food in asia, africa, and latin america. The green leave of cajanus cajan is usually used traditionally as medicine, in the treatment of stomach or intestinal disorder. The pigeon pea cajanus cajan, also known as pigeonpea, red gram or tur, is a perennial legume from the family fabaceae. Gc ms analysis of cajanus cajan leaf extract gas chromatography mass spectroscopy was carried out on the ethanol extract of cajanus cajan leaf. Cajanus species, congo pea, gungo pea, pigeon pea bush, red. The plant will not survive heavy, continuous grazing or heavy cutting, but. Due to its narrow genetic base, pigeonpea improvement is increasingly reliant on introgression of valuable traits from wild forms, a practice that would benefit from knowledge of its domestication. In india, everyone is familiar with it as a wellknown daldahl pulse. In suitably warm climates they can be grown as a shortlived perennial living up to 5 years. Cajanus species are used as food plants by the larvae of some lepidoptera species including endoclita malabaricus. The complex secondary metabolites produced by plants have found various therapeutic uses in medicine from time immemorial.
Comparative analysis of phytochemical constituents and. Pigeon pea, puerto rico bean, gandul, dhal, congo pea cajanus cajan is native to afghanistan, bangladesh, bhutan, india, sri lanka asia, ethiopia, kenya, malawi, tanzania, uganda africa and naturalized as well as cultivated throughout the tropics and subtropics. The pigeonpea cajanus cajan l millspaugh, a high protein tropical bush legume. Effect of organic inputs on yield and quality of pigeonpea. Fabaceae is the most important grain legume crop of. Proximate and phytochemical analysis of cajanus cajan.
The pigeon peas cajanus cajan, alternatively known as angola pea, gungo pea, congopea, pigeonpea, no eye pea, red gram, yellow dhal, puerto rico pea, is a plant species in the legume family of the widely cultivated genus cajanus adans. In recent years it has also been explored for the treatment of ischemic necrosis of the caput femoris, aphtha, bedsore and wound healing. Comparative phytochemical composition of cajanus cajan. In small farms, the plant is traditionally cut at the base with a sickle. Genetic patterns of domestication in pigeonpea cajanus. Bengal, pigeon pea serves as host for the scale insect which produces lac or sticklac. India is the largest importer and producer, where seed is sold as dhal dry split pea. Two experiments of uniformity were conducted with cajanus cajan l.
The invention discloses an extract of the leaves of cajanus cajan l. Materials and methods collection and processing of plant materials the fresh leaves, roots and seeds of cajuns cajan l. The record derives from ildis data supplied on 20100714 which reports it as an accepted name record 2524 mirror. An excellent, if rather terse, guide to the traditional medicinal uses of the plants of the region an infusion of the flowers and leaves is diuretic and is used as a diabetes remedy 348. Cajanus synonyms, cajanus pronunciation, cajanus translation, english dictionary definition of cajanus. Dry pigeon peas seeds are common in indonesian and indian cuisines. Pigeon pea is an important source of food in tropical america, and as processed food is an important source of income from export.
There are 37 species, mainly distributed across africa, asia and australasia species include the pigeon pea c. Flora of west tropical africa, vol 1, part 2, names. Nutritional value of toasted pigeon pea, cajanus cajan. Kadios, cajanus cajan, pigeon pea, mu dou herbal medicine an illustrated compilation of philippine medicinal plants by dr godofredo stuart with botanical information,chemical proerties, folkloric uses. The ternate leaves are elongated and lanceolate with thick fuzz toward the base. Cajanus cajan l is a perennial member of the family leguminosae, commonly known as pigeonpea or redgram in english and arhar in hindi. The barks leaf and root have medicinal properties and have been used for countries in folk medicine for a variety of health promoting purposes 5. Jcprc5 360 gcms analysis of phytochemical compounds in cajanus cajan leaf vc anadebe1, na okafor2, jo ezeugo2, ij amanjide2 and bc ogide1 1department of chemical engineering, federal university, ndufu alike ikwo, ebonyi state, nigeria.
Since its introduction into south asia at least 3,500 years ago, the seeds have become a common food grain in asia, africa, and latin america. Since its introduction into south asia at least 3,500 years ago, the seeds have. It is consumed on a very large scale in south asia and is a major source of protein for the population of the indian subcontinent. Cajanus cajan, pigeonpeaspigeon peas, can be grown as an annual, starting indoors where necessary to ensure a harvest before frost. Pigeonpea plant is known to provide several benefits to soil such. Pigeon pea contains high levels of protein and important b vitamins and is therefore especially important for people living on subsistence diets. Arhar, biological and medicinal properties, cajanus cajan, fabaceae, pigeon pea. Cyanogenic glycosides in plantbased food can improve glucose metabolism and can enhance the overall health of diabetic table 1. Pigeonpea is the main protein source for more than a billion people in the developing world. Pdf proximate and phytochemical analysis of cajanus cajan. Cajanus cajan article about cajanus cajan by the free. The blossoms are large and grow five to nine on each peduncle.
Sundried seeds of cajanus cajan are reported to contain per 100 g 345 calories. It contains 29 seeds that are brown, red or black in colour, small and sometimes hardcoated fao, 2016a. Cajanas cajan is the sole crop from the subtribe cajaninae tribe phaseoleae. The grain is popularly consumed in india, asia, and africa. Cajanus cajan pigeon pea, puerto rico bean, gandul, dhal.
Pdf published version restricted to icrisat researchers only abstract. This plant has been found to be antiviral measles, catarrh and hepatitis, antibacterial corresponding author. Pigeonpea is the main protein source for more than a. Biological activities and medicinal properties of cajanus cajan l. Jul 03, 2015 tuvar daal pigeon pea information, medicinal benefits and recipes pigeon pea is one of the important pulse or legume crop in tropical and subtropical areas of the world. Pigeon pea also contributes to the environment through its use in alley cropping and as a windbreak, cover crop, shade plant and green manure see environmental impact below cook et al. Cajanus cajan an annual or biennial shrub is of the family fabaceae and is commonly called pigeon pea or field pea.
The inventive method of preparing the extract of the leaves of cajanus cajanl. In this study, the seeds were evaluated on some indices of good health in normal male albino rats. Pigeon pea is fast growing, hardy, widely adaptable, and drought resistant bekeletessema, 2007. It is possible to use a combineharvester if the plants have matured uniformly and the pods are at a. Tuvar daal pigeon pea information, medicinal benefits. Cajanus cajan l, a member of the family fabaceae, was identified from the nigerian antimalarial ethnobotany as possessing antimalarial properties. Pharmacological and phytochemical properties of cajanus cajan l. Evaluation of effect of ethanol extracts of moringa. Cajanus cajan pigeonpea lis legume information system. Pigeonpea cajanus cajan plant guide the plants database. Molecules free fulltext antioxidant activities of extracts and.
Cajanus cajan is an evergreen shrub growing to 4 m ft by 4 m ft at a fast rate. Names of pigeon pea in various languages of the world are also given. The components of the tritrophic system including pediobius cajanus sp. It prefers the soil ph level to be in the range of 5. Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the plants classification report. Uses, benefits, cures, side effects, nutrients in pigeon pea. Pdf on jan 2, 2014, oke david gbenga and others published proximate and phytochemical analysis of cajanus cajan pigeon pea leaves find, read and cite all the research you need on researchgate. Phytochemical composition of cajanus cajan leaf and seed name of the photochemical leaf seed flavonoids mg100g 423. Millsp possess potent sodlike activity and genoprotective effect against h2o2 in tk6 cells. Journal of chemical and pharmaceutical research, 2017, 95. Research on pigeon pea prebiotic oligosaccharide and health benefits is scanty.
Tuvar daal pigeon pea information, medicinal benefits and. Cn 11 74052a disclosed medical use of cajanus cajan l. If you have been in a draught, dont feel yourself right, use white pigeon peas, cajanus cajan, with chadon benni eryngium foetidum, boil, put in salt and drink. Cajanus cajan seeds constitute a major part of the diet in most parts of eastern nigeria. Phytochemical and antimicrobial studies on the extracts. Cajanus cajan, phytochemical screening, proximate analysis introduction leguminous plants belong to the family fabaceae or leguminosae. Though considered a minor crop, pigeonpea is of considerable importance in areas of south asia mainly on the indiansubcontinent, africa, the caribbean and latin america, where it is a. There are 37 species, mainly distributed across africa, asia and australasia.
In india, pigeon pea seeds come in a huge variety of flavours and colours, ranging from bitter. The nutritional value of toasted pigeon pea cajanus cajan seed in the diet of african catfish clarias gariepinus burchell, 1822 was investigated in this study by progressively increasing its inclusion level 100, 200, 300 and 400 g kg. They contain high level of protein and the important amino acids methionine, lysine and tryptophan. Morton 1976 lists many folk medicinal uses for pigeon pea.323 763 1236 211 699 148 1604 1420 797 563 1384 1539 1546 588 884 1349 524 895 652 830 916 855 523 1059 277 1035 843 1185 1055 1305 741 846 521 1272 1618 274 346 364 989 215 87 792 556 307 596 496 901 276 482